First version of the unified theoretical framework on the concepts of risk awareness, social capital, vulnerability, resilience and their interdependencies

This document (Deliverable 1.1)  is the first attempt to establish how the concepts that serve BuildERS’ theoretical framework - risk awareness, risk perception, social capital and vulnerability - are connected to the overall work of resilience by providing a coherent and visually intuitive conceptual structure or model that shows their interdependences within the crisis management cycle. 

 

Final report of the unified theoretical framework on the concepts of risk awareness, sopital capital, vulnerability, resilience and their interdependencies 

This document (Deliverable  1.2) is the second and final report on how the concepts of BuildERS’ theoretical framework – resilience, risk awareness, social capital and vulnerability - are connected to the overall work of resilience building of European communities against natural and man-made crises and disasters. 

Report on Segments of Vulnerability, Country by Country Basis - Inside and Outside the Official Data

This document (Deliverable 1.3) focuses on vulnerability and vulnerable groups in past crises and in a sample of countries of the BuildERS consortium to better understand how vulnerabilities are considered at the national level and which vulnerable groups are the most affected by crises. 

Report on communication behaviour in Europe and vulerabilities

This report (Deliverable 1.4) aims to improve the understanding of how communication related issues and actions may affect vulnerability and resilience – the ability and capacity to respond to and recover from crises. We analyse the information behaviour and particularly social media use among European populations, paying particular attention to vulnerable populations, and explore trust in media sources and proneness to be affected by misinformation.

Vulnerability and vulnerable groups from an intersectionality perspective

In this article (Deliverable 1.6), we promote the application of the intersectionality perspective in the study of vulnerable groups, and we call for intersectionality as a guiding principle in risk and crisis management, to provide a better and more nuanced picture of vulnerabilities and vulnerable groups.

Catalogue of tools, technologies and media opportunities for disaster management

This report (Deliverable 2.4) assesses the institutional functioning (organisations, processes, resources, tools/assets, guidelines) for resilience management in sample countries and clarify the determinants of effective disasterresilient systems as well as describes the practices of government social media campaigns and how they are received and spread by audience and provide good practices and recommendations on effective responses in cases where disinformation interferes with official messages.

Institutional arrangements in resilience and disaster management

This report (Deliverable D2.5) looks at how vulnerability has been defined in the crisis management systems of eight European countries: Germnay, Italy, Belgium, Hungary, Sweden, Norway, Finland and Estonia. We first review how the concept of vulnerability is presented and defined in institutional systems of different European countries with varying historical and socio-economic backgrounds. Secondly, we identify the distinct typical waysin which responding to vulnerability has been organised by those systems.

One platform open and in operation

To support BuildERS activities PUC and VTT have established a co-creation and co-design workspace on a Howspace platform (owned by Humap software), which enables users from various professional backgrounds to participate online. This report (Deliverable 6.1) introduces the platform and the way it is used in the BuildERS project.

Colloquium 1

The main goal of the first research colloquium (D 6.7) was to share research results from the first year of the project. The colloquium invitations were sent to BuildERS partners including Advisory Board (AB) members. The other ongoing or just started DRS01 projects RESILOC, ENGAGE and LINKS contact persons were also invited to the colloquium.

Dissemination materials

The document (Deliverable 8.2) outlines the development of the dissemination materials for the BuildERS project with the aim to incite and encourage the formation of a community that would be interested to know more about social resilience in the wake of natural or manmade disasters.

Activity report

The BuidERS activity report (Deliverable 9.1) gives an overview of the activities and results achieved during the first project year. The project had a strong start: several deliverables have been submitted to the Participant Portal and all milestones have been met.

Two peer reviewed articles

This document (Deliverable 1.5) consists of two scientific publications. The first is called, a conceptual framework linking societal resilience, vulnerability, social capital and risk awareness within crisis’ phases and the second, social capital in time of crises: a critical appraisal.

Case study analyses and a cross-country comperative analysis of the functioning of disaster resilience system

The aim of this report (Deliverable 2.2) is to explore the similarities and differences in interpretations and functioning of the various dimensions of resilience and crisis management across Europe.

Criteria for selection of sample for surveying the disadvataged people's hazard vulnerability

The study (Deliverable 3.1) presents results that prove empirical and geo-spatial substance for the pan-European survey which will explore how the recent natural and man-made hazards affected life conditions of severely vulnerable segments of EU population. This mandate is directly connected to the BuidERS project’s overall objective which seeks to increase social security and safety for the most disadvantaged social groups by creating new knowledge informing social policy makers how to strengthen social capital and resilience towards hazards of all EU communities exposed to climate change but foremost those who are most susceptible to these perils .

Report on stakeholders views of risk awareness, social capital and vulnerabilities

This report (Deliverable 6.2) documents the overall “theory” and the main principles and practical steps of co-creation approach implemented in BuildERS project. The first part (Chapters 1-3) will introduce, what co-creation means here, and the main challenges and lessons learned so far. Second part presents the activities and end-results.

Managing chemical spill emergency and mis-/dis-information through simulated responses

This report (Deliverable 4.1) outlines the methods, materials, and results of BuildERS project task T4.1 Finnish Case Study “Dangerous Chemical Explosion in a City Centre, Finland”. The case study in Finland emphasises on people with different types of difficulties in terms of communication and interaction: people with mental health conditions, neuropsychiatric disorders, and/or intellectual disabilities.

Reducing social vulnerability by innovative data fusion for more-informed rescue prioritisation

The report (Deliverable 4.4) introduces the possibilities for combining data from various national registries and existing survey data (and other) to identify vulnerable people with the help of the elaborated vulnerability assessment tool. 

Impacts of Elbe flooding disasters on socially underprivileged groups and lessons for resilience improvement

This report (Deliverable 4.5) presents the German case study “Lessons learned from Flooding Disasters during 2002, 2006 and 2013 with special focus on underprivileged groups in urban (Dresden) and non-urban environments (in the State of Saxony)”.In this case study, the German Red Cross together with University of Tübingen focus on social innovation by exploring what needs to be considered to make disaster management and technologies appropriate to serve all members of societies.

Report of the challenges related to mis-, dis- and malinformation

This report (Deliverable 6.3) presents the results of a series of tabletop exercises and workshops on risk and crisis communication discussing the information disorder, which refers to the prevalence and spread of different types of false and harmful information: mis-, dis- and malinformation.

Colloquium 2

This document (Deliverable 6.8) provides the results of the BuildERS second online colloquium taken place on 14th December 2020.

New Dissemination materials

The document (Deliverable 8.3) outlines various new dissemination materials for the BuildERS project to motivate and encourage the formation of a community interested in the BuildERS’ project results.

Practice & product innovation “Applying mobile positioning data for more precise rescue planning and emergency management under cyber-hazard in Estonia

This report (Deliverable 4.3) demonstrates the possibilities of mobile positioning data (MPD) usage in the crisis management area

Indonesian Case “Using Mobile Operators’ Data to Locate, Protect and Evacuate Tourists and Other Vulnerable Groups in Disasters

This report (Deliverable 4.7) aims for product innovation for more precise rescue planning and emergency management in Indonesia. The University of Indonesia together with Positium demonstrate a product innovation of how mobile operators’ data can be used to locate, protect and evacuate tourists and other vulnerable groups in disasters.

Vulnerability in post-disaster temporary housing

An earthquake, a landslide, a tsunami, a volcanic eruption, or a flood can result in residents being displaced from their homes, which are no longer considered safe. This report (Deliverable 4.2) is related to the post-crisis phase and it is linked to the Italian case study aiming to understand who is more vulnerable in a post disaster temporary housing context and why.

Maps of the Severely Vulnerable Populations

This demonstrator type of public software (Deliverable 3.4) aims to map the severely vulnerable populations. The deliverable consists of the software tools and their descriptions and a storyline for the video that will present the use of the maps. These tools can be used in a more general way, to increase local knowledge and preparedness to hazard incidences before and during hazard occurrences.

Resilience Policy Recommendations - First Report

This report (Deliverable D5.1), which is labelled as "first report" because not all of the results of BuildERS are finalised, highlights the overall findings of the project and distils them into actionable recommendations. The report collects the project's findings so far and identifies important policy and innovation opportunities. 

Summary of the findings from the survey and interview with social care organization representatives

This report (Deliverable 3.5) aims to synthetize the findings from the Work Package 3 (WP3) survey and interviews with social care organization representatives. In addition, to extract the most viable observations for policy implications, and suggest these be further elaborated as policy recommendations for vulnerability reduction of different social groups and in different countries.

Board Game

The BuildERS Board Game (Deliverable D8.4) is designed to help pupils learn how to cope with 4 crisis scenarios in an accessible, interactive way. 

Models for Assessing Strategies for Improving Hospital Capacity for Handling Patients during a Pandemic

This scientific publication (Deliverable 4.6) is based on the work done in T4.6 in the USA by George Mason University. The article has been submitted to the Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. The content of the paper is included in Deliverable 4.8, which summarizes all the main findings from the case studies in Work Package 4 (WP4).

Viable policy and practice innovations to reduce the vulnerability of European populations to natural and man-made hazards

This report (Deliverable 4.8) aims to synthesize the results from the case studies in this project, regarding viable policy and practice innovations to reduce the vulnerability of European populations to natural and man-made hazards. The report involved seven national investigations seeking to establish how vulnerability, risk awareness and social capital, disaster resilience and recovery management vary across the four EU member states (Estonia, Germany, Italy and Finland), Indonesia and the US in the context of the natural, seismic, biological and man-made hazards.

An overview of the innovations that can help increase the resilience of European communities in the face of natural and human-made disasters

This report (Deliverable 5.2) aims to give an overview of the innovations originating from this project that can help increase the resilience of European communities in the face of natural and human-made disasters, as well as recommendations for how to put these tools to use. It offers tangible outputs in the form of practical policy strategies and tools to improve risk awareness, decrease vulnerabilities, and build social capital.

Advice on how new resource allocations for disaster risk management can be considered

This report (Deliverable 5.4) aims to provide advice on how new resource allocations for disaster risk management can be considered. A new economic assessment approach was developed to investigate how different emerging technologies and tools can strengthen social capital, risk awareness, disaster preparedness, and in the long run societal resilience. The focus was placed on usage, costs, benefits, risks and methods of provisions. These aspects are considered to construct cost-beneficial ratios.

Evaluation of the emerging technological opportunities for improving risk awareness and resilience of vulnerable people in disaster

This scientific publication (Deliverable 5.5) is based on the contents of Deliverable 2.4 Catalogue of tools, technologies and media opportunities for disaster management and Deliverable 6.4 End-user assessment of the new tools and technologies for disaster management. The article Evaluation of the emerging technological opportunities for improving risk awareness and resilience of vulnerable people in disaster has been submitted to the journal International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction.

Building more resilient societies using new emerging technologies and already existing technological solutions

This report (Deliverable 6.4) aims to provide foresight on how new technologies and tools could support more sophisticated risk and vulnerability assessments, collecting vulnerability, related data with different means, and sharing this data between crisis management officials. To put it differently, the report aims to help build more resilient societies using new emerging technologies and already existing technological solutions.

A summary of the project’s Toolbox for Inclusive Crisis Management

This document (Deliverable 6.6) aims to provide a summary of the project’s Toolbox for Inclusive Crisis Management which comprises nine different tools. Some of these enable more sophisticated vulnerability assessments and more-informed resource allocations. Others help to make risk and crisis communication more accessible and effective. These tools have been developed to assist crisis managers in strategic preparedness planning.

Results of the third online colloquium

This document (Deliverable 6.9) aims to provide the results of the third online colloquium (13th of January 2022). The main goal of the colloquium was to find out what role care organizations play as intermediaries between individuals in vulnerable situations and authorities. The colloquium was divided into three sessions. First, brief presentations of the project related research were kept in a joint session. Second, facilitated discussions on the intermediary role of care organizations between the individuals in vulnerable situations and authorities were organized in different language sessions. Third, joint discussion and wrap-up of the results of language-based discussion sessions were carried out. 

The Sustainability Plan

This Sustainability Plan (Deliverable 8.5) aims to transform the results of the project into concrete benefits for society by maximizing their scientific, social, technological and policy value. It outlines the strategy and plans for making the project results sustainable after the end of the project. The Sustainability Plan is the result of three tasks: Sustainability within and beyond the project – mainstreaming perspectives (Task 8.5), Sustainability through network building (Task 8.6) and Sustainability through the formulation of policy recommendations (Task 8.7).

Evaluation of emerging technological opportunities for improving risk awareness and resilience of vulnerable people in disasters

This publication provides an evaluation of emerging technological opportunities for improving the resilience and risk awareness of vulnerable people in disasters, with a focus on MPD (Mobile Positioning Data). 

COVID-19 information disorder: six types of harmful information during the pandemic in Europe

The outbreak of a novel coronavirus disease COVID-19 propelled the creation, transmission, and consumption of false information – unverified claims, misleading statements, false rumours, conspiracy theories, and so on – all around the world.

Communication-related vulnerability to disasters: A heuristic framework

In this article, the authors put forward a heuristic framework for explaining how communication-related factors may adversely affect people's capacity to prepare for and respond to disasters.

Vulnerability and vulnerable groups from an intersectionality perspective

This article promotes the application of the intersectionality perspective in the study of vulnerable groups, and we call for intersectionality as a guiding principle in risk and crisis management, to provide a better and more nuanced picture of vulnerabilities and vulnerable groups. 

Optimizing Search and Rescue Personnel Allocation in Disaster Emergency Response using Fuzzy Logic Optimizing

Several models have been developed to facilitate decision-making in disaster management, especially in relation to emergency resource allocations. This paper presents a decision-making model that helps search and rescue teams determine the number of personnel to deploy.

Handling false information in emergency management: A cross-national comparative study of European practices

A new comparative study maps false information tackling practices in European emergency management systems. The study, carried out simultaneously in Germany, Italy, Belgium, Sweden, Hungary, Norway, Finland, and Estonia, revealed that approaches vary from instituted central management of identifying and tackling false information to prioritizing the spreading of accurate information. The diffusion of false information is strongly affected by the lack of timely and verifiable information from governments. In several countries, the emergence of false information is often associated with malicious foreign influence activities. According to the studied real-life crisis experiences, the primary and most efficient countermeasure to false information is enhancing crisis managers ability to provide accurate information without delay. Understanding how emergency managers handle false information will help future decision-makers at multiple governance levels to alleviate the detrimental impact of false information in emergency management. 

Approaches to ‘vulnerability’ in eight European disaster management systems

While social vulnerability in the face of crises like the pandemic has received increasing attention, little is known about how vulnerability is addressed in practice by institutions involved in disaster management. Our recent study charts the practitioners’ approaches to disaster vulnerability in eight European countries: Germany, Italy, Belgium, Hungary, Sweden, Norway, Finland, and Estonia.

We found only a few countries and limited areas (e.g. climate extremes), where more systematic vulnerability assessment and response procedures are foreseen. We suggest that for an improved response, greater conceptual clarity needs to be established on who is considered vulnerable, due to what reasons, and who should do what to alleviate vulnerability. To stimulate the discussion, we put forward a model for explicating different sources of vulnerability along the dimensions of human agency and technological structures as well as social support through private relations and state actors.

Increasing disaster victim survival rate: SaveMyLife Mobile Application development

This research aims to improve search and rescue team response time and increase the victim survival rate by taking into account the victim prioritization and technology utilization through mobile disaster applications. This research considers Indonesia as the case study due to its high risk of natural disaster occurrences. 

Linking resilience, vulnerability, social capital and risk awareness for crisis and disaster research

This paper sets a research agenda by promoting a conceptual model to help simplify the complex concepts that are used in crises and disasters research. The model aims to provide more researcheable definitions of these notions and illustrate linkages among them in the context of the crisis management cycle. 

 A critical appraisal of individual social capital in crisis response
To underline social capital's double-edged aspects, this paper draws from the handful of studies that focus on individual social capital in crisis response, to systematize their findings according to bonding, bridging, and linking social capital and positive and negative impacts. In addition, the paper considers these findings to analyze the 2011 Utøya terrorist attack in Norway, to uncover new positive and negative effects of individual social capital, thus contributing to pushing the research agenda toward a more critical appraisal of individual social capital.
Resilience in care organisations: challenges in maintaining support for vulnerable people in Europe during the COVID-19 pandemic

The Covid-19 pandemic has challenged the resilience of care organisations (and those dependent on them), especially when services are stopped or restricted. This study focuses on the experiences of care organisations that offer services to individuals in highly precarious situations in 10 European countries. It is based on 32 qualitative interviews and three workshops with managers and staff. The most drastic changes were experienced by day centres, which had to suspend or digitise services, whereas night shelters and soup kitchens had to reorganise broadly their work; residential facilities were minimally affected.